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Road to Rescue with Leslie Smith

Fighting for the underdog

Abused by dogfighters. Targeted by legislation. Flooding shelters. A grassroots group tries to save society's breed in need: the Pit Bull.

Sophie was about as unlikely to find a happy ending as any shelter dog could be. She was 11 years old. She was a Pit Bull, a breed that frightens away many adopters. And she was covered with the telltale scars of a fighting dog, a career that also cost her one eye and part of an ear.

Her jaw and wrists had been broken and left untreated, leaving her with a permanent hobble. She'd been bred so many times her teats sagged. Her skin was in terrible shape, and well, she wasn't exactly the kind of dog you see gracing the cover of Dog Fancy.

But Sophie had soul, and as soon as she danced up to Donna Reynolds in Oakland, California's animal shelter, Reynolds spotted it. "Her one brown eye just sparkled," says Reynolds, age 45, co-founder of an Oakland-based pit bull education and advocacy group. "She looked like a monster, but she had the most tender soul."

Landslide of issues

It's a quality Reynolds sees again and again in the Pit Bulls she's rescued, even those coming from situations as grim as Sophie's. That "soul" inspired her and her husband of 21 years, Tim Racer, to launch BAD RAP, or Bay Area Doglovers Responsible About Pit Bulls, in 1999. "We thought we'd put up a website and adopt out a few dogs," says Reynolds. "We had no idea."

What started out as a part-time adoption effort mushroomed immediately into a full time education and Pit Bull advocacy campaign. "We found ourselves tackling an avalanche of issues," says Reynolds, who quickly got invited to speak at conferences and workshops organized by the Humane Society, ASPCA, and several other well-respected animal welfare organizations.

BAD RAP quickly became the go-to group for high-profile issues involving pit bulls. BAD RAP coordinated the rescue of unclaimed Katrina Pit Bulls. It was also the group the ASPCA contacted after football star Michael Vick was arrested for dog fighting.

Quality of resilience

During Vick's trial, BAD RAP members flew to Virginia to help an ASPCA-led team evaluate the pit bulls seized from Vick's property and make recommendations on what to do with them. It was a first for dog fighting cases; usually, fighting dogs are summarily euthanized.

Of 49 dogs, rigorous temperament testing found just one who needed to be euthanized for aggression. About half were friendly and well-adjusted enough to be considered for adoption. Those dogs are now with rescue groups across the country--BAD RAP among them--getting care and training and adjusting to life as a pet. (See a video of BAD RAP's Vick dogs here.)

Reynolds hopes the case will help fighting dogs seized in future busts, by showing that even Pit Bulls raised in the bleakest conditions and for the worst purposes, deserve to be judged by their behavior, not their breed or owner.

"I don't know why some Pit Bulls do fine in situations like this," she says, "but it's that quality of resilience that keeps me working for this breed."

Shelter dogs

Meanwhile, Reynolds and her group continue to work to give Pit Bulls the chance they deserve. And Pit Bulls need the help. Breed specific legislation regulating ownership of Pit Bulls, among other breeds, has been passed in several cities and municipalities, including Boston, Denver, and Toledo. Pits and pit mixes now make up anywhere from 30 to 70 percent of dogs in shelters nationwide.

Still Reynolds sees lots of reasons to be optimistic. The group's collaboration with the ASPCA and her growing list of invitations to speak across the country leads her to believe things are starting to turn around. "Many people are deciding to stop being paralyzed by the problems and get to work," she says.

Sophie's story

The happy stories she encounters along the way keep her going. Sophie, for instance, finally found a home. She now spends her days hanging out with her adoptive mom at work and channeling her maternal instincts into tenderly caring for a collection of stuffed toys.

Although the adopter's family was horrified when they heard their daughter had brought home a battle-scarred pit bull, Sophie won them all over at Thanksgiving. Another dog saved, and more minds opened. BAD RAP sees no reason to stop.

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Adopting a Pit Bull

Who makes a good Pit Bull owner?

Pit Bulls have the same needs as any other breed--quality time with their person, exercise (and lots of it, for younger pits), training, and socialization. But they have their own unique considerations too. Here's what to consider before you bring home a Pit.

You'll get some flak. No matter how sweet your pup is, this is a breed that can make people cross the street, give you strange looks, or make less-than-friendly comments.

You may face discrimination. A landlord may turn you down for an apartment because of your Pit Bull; an insurance company may refuse to sell you a home owner's or renter's insurance policy. "People are shocked by how much public criticism and discrimination they get," says Reynolds. "This is the number one thing we try to prepare people for before they adopt."

Your dog will be an example. With all the negative press they get, a badly-behaved Pit Bull does the whole breed no good. Training is critical; a Canine Good Citizen certificate can help win over skeptical landlords, neighbors, and friends.

Know your dog's tolerance level. Some Pits are dog-friendly, some are tolerant but will get into a fight if challenged, and some just don't play well with others. To keep everyone safe, you'll need to know your dog's attitude toward other canines, and do everything you can to prevent a fight. BAD RAP has more on dog aggression in pit bulls.

Keep your dog warm. "Pit Bulls hate the cold," says Reynolds. "Plan to buy lots of cute sweaters."

I want to adopt one of these dogs!

Great! If you're in the San Francisco area you can always check out the adoptable BAD RAP dogs. For other locales, check shelters - urban ones tend to have lots of Pits - or look for a nearby rescue group here. If you do find your perfect Pit Bull, please email us at editor@dogtime.com to let us know. We'd love to feature you in our How we met series.

How can I help pit bulls?

To give BAD RAP a helping hand, donate money or gear, or shop their online store. If you live in the San Francisco Bay Area, you can also volunteer your time or foster a dog who's waiting to be adopted.

To fight laws targeting Pit Bulls, check Understand a bull for information on breed specific legislation, tactics for fighting it, and action alerts.

And of course, you can always donate money or time to your local shelters, many of which are crowded with Pit Bulls.

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