You may have heard some people talk about the differences between hair and fur when it comes to dogs’ coats. That might lead you to wonder whether your own dog has hair or fur and whether that matters for you or your pooch. Some even claim that one coat is more hypoallergenic than the other. With that in mind, it may surprise you to know that, on a chemical level, there is no difference between hair and fur. They are both made of the same stuff–keratin. This substance is a protein compound that is also found in nails and skin. However, even though hair and fur are chemically the same, they can differ in their growth cycles, their textures, and their grooming needs. Here is how you can tell if your dog has hair or fur and what it means for you and your pup.
Hair Versus Fur
If you want to know if your dog has hair or fur, there are a few ways to tell the differences by touch and sight. First, hair tends to be longer in length than fur. It goes through a longer growth cycle, and the longer the growth cycle, the less frequently the hair sheds. Hair generally feels smoother and finer to the touch than fur. It can be straight, wavy, or curly, and the curly hair is the most likely to trap hair that sheds, which can give the appearance that the dog is shedding less than it actually is because hair doesn’t float out into the environment as much. Hair usually grows in a single layer, so the top of the hair won’t feel much different than it would closer to the skin.
Fur, on the other hand, is usually shorter and denser. It tends to have short growth cycles so that it can shed and grow in thicker during the cold months. Fur usually sheds more easily than hair for that reason, and the coat doesn’t trap the fur that sheds as much as a coat of hair would, so you will probably be cleaning more of it off of your clothes and furniture, especially during seasonal changes when a new coat comes in. Dogs with fur often–but not always–have a double coat, meaning they have a soft, fine undercoat that helps them regulate their body temperature and a coarser overcoat.
What It Means For Allergies
Many people want to know the difference between dog hair and fur so they can determine if their pooches are hypoallergenic. However, it is not usually the hair or fur, themselves, that cause allergies. Dander and compounds in the skin and saliva of dogs are often the main factors that cause allergic reactions in humans. It does not matter if dogs have hair or fur in that sense. Dogs essentially produce the same amount of allergens regardless of which kind of coats they have.
So why are some dogs considered hypoallergenic? Well, while dogs produce allergens whether they have hair or fur, the way their coats trap allergens can be quite different. Curly hair, for example, tends to trap dander and skin cells more than fur, and because it usually sheds less frequently, those allergens stay on the dog and close to the skin rather than dispersing into the environment. Fur, on the other hand, does not trap these allergens as well and it sheds more easily, which can spread dander around your home and on your clothing.
No dog is completely hypoallergenic. They all produce compounds that cause allergic reactions in humans. However, dogs that have curly hair may be the best choice for allergy sufferers, as their coats tend to trap the allergens rather than spreading them around. Some find the difference in coats to be negligible when it comes to preventing allergies, but others notice a big difference in their symptoms when spending time with dogs that have different coats. If you are basing an adoption decision on whether you will be allergic to a dog or not, you should always spend some time with a dog before bringing them home so you know what to expect.
How To Care For Hair Or Fur
All dogs have certain grooming needs, and some have greater needs than others. Hair and fur both have their advantages and disadvantages in this regard, but there is much variation in coats among breeds and individual dogs. Ultimately, it is best to consult your veterinarian or professional groomer about your dog’s day-to-day grooming needs.
Generally, coats of hair tend to trap particles and dead follicles more easily than fur. This can be a benefit when it comes to cleaning up your home, as they don’t shed as profusely. That said, there is a risk that the trapped hair will cause knots and matting, and that can hold moisture, debris, and parasites closer to the skin, which can lead to infection or infestation. Dogs with hair should be brushed regularly to dislodge any trapped material and prevent matting. Bathing can help reduce the amount of allergens that may be released during brushing; however, bathing too much can remove natural oils and dry the skin. You should ask your veterinarian how much bathing is appropriate for your dog, as there is far too much variation among individual dogs to make a one-size-fits-all recommendation.
Fur does not hold debris and follicles as much as coats of hair, but these substances are spread more easily through shedding, and you will probably have to spend more time vacuuming and using lint rollers to keep your environment clean. Brushing is still important for dogs with fur, as it can remove debris and collect some of the fur that sheds before it has a chance to spread around your home. Knots and matting can still happen to dogs with fur, and it is important to use a brush that will reach down to the undercoat to prevent this. Again, ask your vet or groomer how much brushing and bathing are appropriate for your dog.
Does your dog have hair or fur? Do you notice a difference in your allergies or the way you have to groom your pooch? Let us know in the comments below!