Dog Health & More
Wednesday February 22nd, 2012
It's a simple surgery, far more so than a spay. Under anesthesia, an incision is made in front of the scrotum, and then the testicles are removed through that incision. The stalks of the testicles are cut. Sometimes the incision needs stitches.
The benefits to your dog — aside from his not siring unwanted puppies — are considerable:
In general, dogs neutered before they go into puberty grow a bit bigger than those neutered after puberty because testosterone is involved in bone growth; sometimes that growth is preferable and sometimes it's not. Most dogs are sexually mature by the age of five or six months (the blink of an eye).
If your dog's testicles don't descend, you still need to have him neutered. These dogs tend to have more testicular tumors than normal dogs.
Presurgical blood work is usually offered to make sure your dog is healthy enough for surgery and doesn't have any health conditions that would affect the choice of anesthesia. Typically, young and healthy dogs don't need it, but it's a good idea to have a baseline reference for future blood tests.
Follow the directions your clinic gives, but generally speaking, the dog should not eat for at least eight hours before the surgery, because the anesthesia may cause nauseate. Drinking water beforehand is fine.
Check with your vet if there's a discharge from the incision, or if your dog seems to be in excessive pain. (It's rare for a dog to need pain medication, but it's not unheard of.)
If the dog keeps licking the stitches, use an Elizabethan collar to prevent this. Some dogs have trouble walking while wearing these, and they bonk into doorways and tables. Nonetheless, have the dog wear it even during sleep, because licking can prevent the incision from healing properly.