Mythical And Legendary Origins Of Dog Breed Traits

Lots of dog breeds are prized for their unique looks and personalities. But did you ever wonder where these traits come from? Most dog breed lineages are hard to trace exactly, as pups have been our personal companions for thousands of years. But there are plenty of myths and stories out there that explain why dogs are the way they are, and legends make these breeds more mysterious and fun to think about. Here are some of the dog breed traits that are steeped in folklore.

Corgi’s Saddle Marks

A Welsh Pembroke Corgi lies in front of a white background.

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You may have noticed that Pembroke Welsh Corgis have a stripe of white fur that circles around their backs and shoulders. Well according to Welsh legends, the Corgi wasn’t bred into existence. It came from the lairs of fairies and elves. The white strip on its back was proof of this, as that marked the spot where fairies tied their saddles to ride Corgis into battle. Historians say Corgis are descended from dogs brought to Wales by the Vikings, which isn’t quite as magical, but it’s still pretty cool.

Golden Retriever’s Trainable Nature

A Golden Retriever with a blue color sits with one paw reaching out on a white background.

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Golden Retrievers are very helpful and loyal. They have a love of humans and a love of learning new tricks, and that need to perform for people had to come from somewhere. As the story goes, Golden Retrievers are descended from Sheepdogs that performed in a Russian circus. These dogs were bought by a man named Lord Tweedmouth–which is hilarious–and used for hunting. This was the accepted Golden Retriever origin story until 1950, when Lord Tweedmouth’s notes were made public. Turns out, the original Golden Retriever ancestor was bought from a cobbler. Not quite as interesting.

Chow Chow’s Blue Tongue

A Chow Chow stands with his blueish tongue hanging out against a white background.

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Scientists have found that the Chow Chow is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world, but legend has it that they are even older–as old as creation itself. One of the most unusual characteristics of the Chow Chow is its blueish-black tongue. There is a Chinese legend that says that the Chow Chow’s tongue turned its odd color when the dog licked up a few drops of the color of the sky as it was being painted. Some dogs will eat just about anything.

Bedlington Terrier’s Hunting Ability

A white Bedlington Terrier stands against a white background.

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Some myths have a grain of truth to them. The Bedlington Terrier’s exact origins are hard to find, but one theory is that they are descended from dogs who followed gypsies from town to town. These dogs were great at hunting and hard to spot due to their small size. So they would sneak on to estates as gypsies passed by and hunt on the grounds. Rather than being angry, local squires were impressed by the dogs’ ability to rid the land of rats, badgers, and vermin. So they got some pups of their own and bred the Bedlington Terrier to excel at what it already did best.

West Highland White Terrier’s White Coat

A West Highland White Terrier stands against a white background.

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West Higland White Terriers come in any color you like, so long as it’s white. But breed lore says there’s a good reason for it. As the story goes, Colonel Malcolm of Poltalloch was hunting foxes in the eighteen-hundreds with one of his wheaten-colored Cairn Terriers. In an unfortunate accident, he confused his dog’s coat with a fox’s coat and accidentally shot his pup. He was devastated by this and vowed to only breed white pups that could never be confused with a fox. Now they’re all white, and pretty hard to get mixed up with a fox.

Shih Tzu’s White Spot

A Shih Tzu puppy with a white spot on his head sits in front of a white background.

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You may have noticed that some Shih Tzus have a white spot on their coat on top of their head. The legend of this spot goes all the way back to Buddha. The story goes that Buddha was walking along the road with his dog when several robbers came upon him. They intended to rob and murder him, but Buddha’s dog transformed into a lion and chased the robbers off. When the robbers were long gone, the lion changed back into his normal pup self, and Buddha picked him up and kissed him on the head. The place where Buddha kissed the pup turned white, and that’s where the Shih Tzu gets his spot.

Pug’s Wrinkles


Pugs are known for their squished faces and wrinkly foreheads. But if you look closely at a pug’s wrinkles, you might notice shapes and patterns. Chinese legend says that master breeders loved the wrinkles of a pug’s forehead because they looked like Chinese characters and symbols for “good luck.” Wrinkles that were especially prized seemed to form the Chinese characters for the word “prince.” So next time you meet a pug, see if you can read his forehead. He might just be a good luck charm.

Pekingese’s Unique Looks

A Pekingese with a dark snout and long fur stands in front of a white background.

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If you’ve seen a Pekingese, you might have thought that it looks a bit like a little lion with a monkey’s face. Well you’re not the only one who’s thought that. According to legend, a lion once fell in love with a marmoset–a kind of monkey. But lions are pretty terrifying to monkeys. So the lion asked Buddha to shrink his body, but let him keep his lion heart. Buddha did this, and the lion and the marmoset fell in love and had children, which is why the Pekingese looks like a lion-monkey. Love transcends some of the weirdest barriers.

Do you know any legends about your pup’s breed? Do any of these stories ring true for your dog? Let us know in the comments.