We all want our canine companions to live long, happy, healthy lives. October is National Pet Wellness Month, a good time to remember the importance of regular wellness checkups and making healthy lifestyle choices for your precious pup. There’s no better way to celebrate than making sure you make positive choices that can help your dog live longer, have increased vitality, and thrive.
Adequate nutrition keeps a dog fit and healthy and helps prevent many diseases. It’s all about the ingredients in the food they get: high protein sources like chicken and eggs build muscle, and fruits and vegetables are natural sources of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that are necessary for a well-functioning immune system. The old axiom “you are what you eat” applies to dogs as well as to humans, so choose a high quality food for your dog’s optimum health.
2. Weight Control
Obesity in dogs can lead to problems from diseases like Cushing’s to skin irritations, heart failure, cancer and ligament and disc issues. An overweight pet has a decreased quality of life, but many pet owners overfeed their animals and this can often mean that the animal will die at an earlier age. Be sure your dog gets the proper nutrition, but be aware that an animal that’s at a healthy weight will have more energy and better overall health.
Exercise burns calories directly but there’s another benefit…it also can provide a boost to the metabolic rate that lasts for hours after the dog has stopped to rest. Regular exercise keeps the animal’s muscles, tendons and bones strong. It also provides a measure of mental stimulation. Spend some quality time with your dog – walking, playing and enjoying the outdoors. It will do you both a world of good!
4. Dental Care
Proper dental care can extend your dog’s life. Take the breath test! Sniff your dog’s breath. While doggy breath isn’t normally fresh and minty, if it’s really offensive there may be a problem, especially if accompanied by a loss of appetite, any vomiting, excessive drinking or urinating. Check the pet’s mouth: gums should be a healthy pink color and teeth should look clean without signs of brown tarter. Use a special dog toothbrush or piece of soft gauze, and massage the teeth or gums. Once the dog gets used to this you will be able to brush the teeth two or three times weekly as part of a regular routine. If you see signs of oral disease like inflamed gums or notice loose teeth, it’s time for professional help from your veterinarian.
Regardless of the length of a dog’s coat, regular brushing is great because it removes dead hair and distributes natural oils for a clean healthy coat while stimulating the surface of the skin. It’s also an opportunity for you to become familiar with your animal’s body, making it more likely that you’ll notice any changes…unusual growths or abnormalities that need the attention of a veterinary doctor. Brush your pet every couple of days and make it a pleasant time you share together.
Grooming is a big part of pet wellness. Bathing too frequently will dry out a dog’s skin, so unless your companion has rolled in something smelly or gotten very dirty in some other way, a bath every two to four months should be sufficient if you are brushing the pet regularly. Make sure to use a shampoo made specifically for dogs as human shampoo is too harsh for and animal’s skin. Be sure to test the water so it’s not too hot or too cold, and rinse completely to avoid leaving a dull soap residue that can cause itching. Avoid getting shampoo or water directly in the eyes, mouth, or ears.
7. Nail Know-How
Many dog owners are intimidated at the thought of clipping a dog’s nails, but overgrowth can be uncomfortable for the pet. If you can hear the “click” as your dog crosses the floor, the nails are probably too long. Choose a pet nail clipper that feels comfortable in your hands and gives a clean line of sight to exactly where the blade is cutting. Less is more in this case, so don’t clip too closely. Dog’s nails grow in a curve, so excessive length can cause the toes to splay as the animal walks. Regular clipping prevents this and reduces the risk of torn nails.
Clean ears feel good to your dog and are important in preventing ear infections. Examining the outside of the ears also alerts you to the presence of wood ticks, fleas, or anything unusual. Use a cotton ball, piece of gauze, or a baby wipe with an ear-cleaning solution – water won’t work because it evaporates too quickly. Wipe the inside surface of the ear, going down only as far as your finger easily fits. Never force it and don’t use a Q-tip or put anything else further down the ear canal that could cause a painful injury.
Reputable pet food manufacturers go to great lengths to make sure that their products contain the right proportion of vitamins and minerals, so adding more without first consulting your veterinarian might throw this delicate balance out of wack. Some fat soluble vitamins – A, D, E, and K – are not easily eliminated from the body and could build up to toxic levels. High levels of one mineral in a dog’s diet can interfere with the uptake of another, as in the case of calcium, copper and iron. If your dog is healthy and eats well, a multi-vitamin mineral supplement should not be necessary.
10. Quality Time
Happiness is an important component in your dog’s overall wellness, so don’t underestimate the benefit of spending time with your best canine friend. Left alone without companionship or mental stimulation, animals can become depressed, act out in destructive ways, or even become lethargic. Your pet is a family member. Interact with him: talking, walking, playing together, stroking, and giving the affection and attention they so deserve. Your dog will benefit and reward you with unconditional love.
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